Types of Voice Coil Motors: Which One is Right for You?


Types of Voice Coil Motors: Which One is Right for You?


When it comes to motion control, voice coil motors play a crucial role in various applications, ranging from robotics and automation to medical devices and aerospace systems. These compact yet powerful electromagnetic devices are widely used for their high-speed and precise movements. However, choosing the right type of voice coil motor can be a daunting task, considering the numerous options available in the market. In this article, we will explore the different types of voice coil motors and help you determine which one is best suited for your specific needs.

1. Moving Coil Motors:

The moving coil motor is one of the most commonly used voice coil motor configurations. It consists of a permanent magnet and a coil placed within a magnetic field. When an electric current passes through the coil, it generates a magnetic field that interacts with the permanent magnet, resulting in the movement of the coil. This movement converts electrical energy into mechanical motion.

Moving coil motors offer exceptional accuracy and precision due to their low electrical time constant, enabling rapid acceleration and deceleration. They are commonly found in applications such as linear actuators, autofocus mechanisms in cameras, and positioning stages.

2. Moving Magnet Motors:

Unlike moving coil motors, moving magnet motors have a fixed coil and a magnet that moves. The coil is positioned within a magnetic field generated by a permanent magnet. When an electric current is applied to the coil, it generates a magnetic field that interacts with the magnet, causing it to move.

Moving magnet motors are known for their high force capabilities and robust construction. They provide excellent reliability and are often used in applications where high acceleration and continuous operation are required. Some common applications include valves, pumps, and various industrial automation systems.

3. Flat Voice Coil Motors:

As the name suggests, flat voice coil motors are characterized by their flat and compact design. They consist of a flat coil and a magnetic circuit, typically comprised of a permanent magnet and a soft magnetic yoke. The coil moves within the magnetic field to produce the desired motion.

Flat voice coil motors offer several advantages, including their low profile and lightweight nature, which make them ideal for applications with space constraints. They provide high forces and can operate in both linear and rotary modes. These motors are widely used in areas such as medical devices, optics, and automotive systems.

4. Cylindrical Voice Coil Motors:

Cylindrical voice coil motors, also known as tubular voice coil motors, have a cylindrical coil that moves inside a static magnetic assembly. The magnetic assembly is usually composed of a permanent magnet and a ferromagnetic pole piece. When a current passes through the coil, it generates a magnetic field that interacts with the magnetic assembly, resulting in the desired motion.

Cylindrical voice coil motors offer good force-to-size ratios and have the ability to generate both linear and rotary motion. They are commonly used in applications that require high force, such as robotics, industrial automation, and aerospace systems.

5. Lens Voice Coil Motors:

Lens voice coil motors are specialized voice coil motors designed specifically for optical devices. They are commonly used in autofocus systems for cameras, camcorders, and various imaging systems. Lens voice coil motors consist of a coil and a permanent magnet placed within a magnetic circuit.

The main advantage of lens voice coil motors is their ability to provide precise and rapid focusing of lenses. They offer high-speed response and accurate positioning, making them indispensable in the photography and imaging industries.


Choosing the right type of voice coil motor is crucial to ensure optimal performance and reliability in your application. Whether you require high precision, fast response, compact size, or specific force capabilities, the diverse range of voice coil motors available in the market offers a solution for every need.

By considering factors such as the required motion profile, force requirements, and space limitations, you can effectively narrow down the options and select the most suitable voice coil motor for your project. Remember to consult with experts and suppliers to gain further insights into the capabilities and limitations of each motor type.


Smooth Motor is a professional stepper motor manufacturer in China, with years of exporting and manufacturing experience. Our main products contain: Linear Stepper Motor, Stepper Motor, Lead Screw And Nut, Voice Coil Motor and Linear Rail Systems, welcome to contact us!
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